Britons are offending commuters by manspreading, revelling in bants with their friends at beer o’clock and having a brain fart while talking about the Grexit – but it’s all NBD.
Those are just some of the 1000 new words added to OxfordDictionaries韩国半永久纹眉会所, in its latest quarterly update, which reveals current trends in the usage of language.
New entries include “manspreading”, when a man sits with his legs wide apart on public transport, encroaching on other seats; “bants”, short for banter; and “NBD”, an abbreviation of “no big deal”.
“Beer o’clock” and “wine o’clock”, describing the appropriate time of day to start drinking the respective alcoholic beverages, and “brain fart”, a temporary lapse or failure to reason correctly, have also been added to the free online dictionary.
“Hangry”, an adjective used to show feelings of anger or irritability as a result of hunger, is another new entry.
The word has seen its usage increase since 2012, with a big spike in April 2014 connected to an American study about low glucose levels making people cross, according to Oxford Dictionary’s language monitoring service.
Topical news terms have soared in popular usage.
“Grexit” and “Brexit”, referring to the potential departure of Greece and the UK from the EU, and “deradicalisation”, the action of causing a person with extreme views to adopt more moderate ones, are also included in the update.
Other new additions include “bruh”, describing a male friend, “pocket dial”, meaning to accidentally call someone while your phone is in a pocket, and “mkay”, representing the informal pronunciation of OK.
New words, senses and phrases are added to OxfordDictionaries韩国半永久纹眉会所, once editors have gathered enough independent evidence from a range of sources to be confident that they have widespread currency in English.
But they do not gain an entry into the Oxford English Dictionary unless continued historical use can be shown.
Fiona McPherson, senior editor of Oxford Dictionaries, said the addition of multiple slang words did not represent a dumbing down of English, but showed “creative” use of language.
“There have always been new slang words,” she said.
“I just think we are more aware of them because of the ways in which we consume and live our lives now.
“We are bombarded with more and more avenues where those sort of words are used and we just think that there are more of them. I don’t necessarily think that’s the case.
“From my point of view, as a lexicographer, it’s not really about dumbing down, it’s more (about) creative ways that people are using language.”
Some of the new words in the Oxford online dictionary
– awesomesauce, adj.: (US informal) extremely good; excellent
– bants (also bantz), pl. n.: (Brit. informal) playfully teasing or mocking remarks exchanged with another person or group; banter
– beer o’clock, n: an appropriate time of day for starting to drink beer
– brain fart, n.: (informal) a temporary mental lapse or failure to reason correctly
– Brexit, n.: a term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union
– bruh, n: (US informal) a male friend (often used as a form of address)
– cakeage, n.: (informal) a charge made by a restaurant for serving a cake they have not supplied themselves
– cat cafe, n.: a cafe or similar establishment where people pay to interact with cats housed on the premises
– cupcakery, n.: a bakery that specialises in cupcakes
– deradicalisation, n.: the action or process of causing a person with extreme views to adopt more moderate positions on political or social issues
– fatberg, n.: a very large mass of solid waste in a sewerage system, consisting especially of congealed fat and personal hygiene products that have been flushed down toilets
– fat-shame, v.: cause (someone judged to be fat or overweight) to feel humiliated by making mocking or critical comments about their size
– fur baby, n.: a person’s dog, cat, or other furry pet animal
– Grexit, n.: a term for the potential withdrawal of Greece from the eurozone (the economic region formed by those countries in the European Union that use the euro as their national currency)
– hangry, adj.: (informal) bad-tempered or irritable as a result of hunger
– manspreading, n.: the practice whereby a man, especially one travelling on public transport, adopts a sitting position with his legs wide apart, in such a way as to encroach on an adjacent seat or seats
– mkay, excl.: (informal, chiefly US) non-standard spelling of OK, representing an informal pronunciation (typically used at the end of a statement to invite agreement, approval, or confirmation)
– Mx, n.: a title used before a person’s surname or full name by those who wish to avoid specifying their gender or by those who prefer not to identify themselves as male or female
– pocket dial, v.: inadvertently call (someone) on a mobile phone in one’s pocket, as a result of pressure being accidentally applied to a button or buttons on the phone
– rage-quit, v.: (informal) angrily abandon an activity or pursuit that has become frustrating, especially the playing of a video game
– rando, n.: (informal) a person one does not know, especially one regarded as odd, suspicious, or engaging in socially inappropriate behaviour
– Redditor, n.: a registered user of the website Reddit
– social justice warrior, n.: (informal, derogatory) a person who expresses or promotes socially progressive views
– snackable, adj.: (of online content) designed to be read, viewed, or otherwise engaged with briefly and easily
– spear phishing, n.: the fraudulent practice of sending emails ostensibly from a known or trusted sender in order to induce targeted individuals to reveal confidential information
– swatting, n.: (US informal) the action or practice of making a hoax call to the emergency services in an attempt to bring about the dispatch of a large number of armed police officers to a particular address
– weak sauce, n.: (US informal) something that is of a poor or disappointing standard or quality
– wine o’clock, n.: an appropriate time of day for starting to drink wine